Food source map
Food source map

Food source map

Banana, coconut, lemon, cherry. Lettuce, asparagus, peas, artichokes. Cassava, cocoa, papaya, pineapple. If you need any of these foods, just go to the nearest supermarket and go! But it was not always so: before easy access to other continents, each of the groups mentioned above would be found in specific regions of the planet. Bananas in Asia, asparagus in Europe and cassava in South America.
“Wait. So do you mean that banana and coconut are not native to Brazil ?! ” That’s right. The native foods of our country are cassava, pepper, cocoa, peanuts, yerba mate, palm (from which palm oil is extracted), papaya, pineapple, pumpkin, sweet potato, vanilla and yam.
As technology developed and food exports became more frequent, it was possible to reach a point where it is possible to cultivate several species in different soils in the native region. That is why we have bananas, coconuts, avocados and other fruits in abundance – so much so that we accidentally got confused when thinking that they always grew up here!
According to the Ciat map, Asia is the continent with the largest variety of native foods. From Central Asia (with figs, apricots, onions and spinach) to the south, with bananas, lemons, dates, cinnamon and ginger, diversity is not lacking. Foods like coconut and melon are native to the Pacific region.
Check out the full map:

Source: Pride Xepa
The Europe region is the richest in green vegetables, as asparagus, artichokes, lettuce, peas, leek, etc. Beets are also European, as are hazelnuts (which, together with chocolate, form a sensational cream whose recipe you can check out here) and cherries.
In North America, the native fruits are blueberry (aka blueberry), cranberries (which in Portuguese are called cranberry – yes, I was also shocked when I found out and couldn’t stop saying that word out loud), strawberry, grape, pumpkin and sunflower.
Avocado, legumes, manioc, pepper (clam!) And cocoa are some of the foods native to Central America. Vanilla, a very fragrant orchid and one of the three most expensive spices in the world (it shares the post with saffron and cardamom; the kilo costs about R $ 13 thousand), appeared in the hot lands of this planet Earth: Mexico and the Caribbean. Today, like all other foods, it is grown in different regions of the world, such as Madagascar and Uganda, in Africa, and even here in Brazil.
In Africa, the variety of foods is different in each region. The same green vegetables found in Europe also grow in North Africa. Along the continent, melons, rice, watermelon, cotton, sesame and, of course, coffee appear (you may have heard that Ethiopia is the land that gave rise to the fruit).

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