Obesity is not only an aesthetic problem, it can also have consequences for health. Certain body values provide information on whether you should lose weight.
Too Much Overweight? Pay attention to these values
Do you have a few pounds too much on your hips? Usually this is not a problem. Be aware, however, that there are limits beyond which being overweight can have serious consequences for your health. Vascular deposits, high blood pressure, fatty liver, diabetes, joint problems – overweight people suffer from these diseases much more often. So check your body values regularly. If you are above it, it is high time to reduce your weight.
1. Body mass index
For the body mass index, or BMI for short, there is a simple formula that you can use to see whether you are in the medically harmless range. You divide your body weight by the height squared. If you are between 18.5 and 24.9, your weight is in the normal range. If your value is higher, then you are overweight.
In the past, the BMI was considered a benchmark, but today we know that height and weight alone are not meaningful enough. Because the value cannot distinguish fat from muscle mass. Highly trained competitive athletes often have an increased BMI, although they are far from being overweight. The fat distribution is also not taken into account in the BMI. Fat on the buttocks and hips, for example, is hardly a problem, if it accumulates on the stomach, being overweight can have fatal consequences. Therefore, medical professionals are now advising to keep an eye on the waist size in particular.
BMI was yesterday – now comes BVI!
Everyone knows it, almost everyone dreads it: the body mass index, or BMI for short. A small number with supposedly great significance. In fact, the BMI has many weaknesses. Researchers therefore want to replace it with the new BVI.
2. waist circumference
Fat on the belly is considered to be the real health problem. It often accumulates between the organs, which can lead to diabetes and high blood pressure if you are overweight. If belly fat is the cause of the excess weight, you should definitely lose weight. Especially if your waist size exceeds certain values. To measure correctly, you need a meter tape. Place it on the top hip bone, let your stomach relax and now measure horizontally.
From 88 centimeters for women and from 102 centimeters for men, the alarm bells should ring. The risk of illness is greatly increased and being overweight can have serious consequences.
3. Waist-to-hip ratio
If you look at the waist-to-hip ratio, you will notice that there are people of the apple type and the pear type. Women are mostly of the pear type – the fat is mainly on the buttocks and thighs. Men tend to prefer the apple type: the fat collects in the middle of the body, i.e. on the stomach. How serious the excess weight is depends heavily on this distribution.
You can determine your personal fat distribution using the waist-to-hip ratio, or WHR for short. Proceed as follows:
Measure your waist at the level of your navel
Measure around the widest part of your hips
Divide the waist circumference by the hip circumference
The larger the quotient, the more fat there is on the stomach and the higher the health risk
Abdominal obesity – that is, severe overweight due to too much abdominal fat – is present if the value exceeds 0.85 in women and 1.0 in men.
4. Obesity and diabetes
Why does obesity lead to diabetes? Being overweight often leads to insulin resistance – the body can no longer transport sugar from the blood into the cells. The result: the pancreas produces more insulin, which in the long term damages it and can lead to type 2 diabetes.
In addition, obese people usually have fatty liver disease, which also contributes to diabetes caused by obesity. If the fat cells under the skin no longer have the capacity to absorb excess energy, the fat is stored in the liver. However, a fatty liver releases more glucose into the blood. A vicious circle that has its origins in being overweight.