Women’s health Medicine is becoming more feminine

Women's health Medicine is becoming more feminine

Women’s bodies and minds function differently than men’s. Today’s medicine takes no account of this. Gender scientists are therefore calling for drugs specifically for women.

A woman’s life begins pink. Even in the hospital, pink and blue name ribbons separate the newly hatched babies into the “Princess” team and the “Little Rascal” team. As if every second was suspicious of asexuality. Proud grandparents will later give the girl a toy stove with miniature pots, maybe a stuffed animal, but certainly not a toy car. And once the girl has become a woman, she’s more likely to choose to become a nurse than a car mechanic. But why, what actually makes a woman a woman? Is it the social environment that steers girls in a certain direction with plush pink gifts and fixed role norms? Or is it the genes and hormones that already form a small pile of undefined cells in the womb into a feminine thinking and feeling being?

It’s all about networking

“Gender arises from a complex interplay between biology and the environment,” says neuroscientist and expert in gender-sensitive medicine, Prof. Bettina Pfleiderer. “What skills and qualities Developing people in the course of their lives depends to a large extent on the subjects they deal with a lot.

“If women choose jobs that are typical for women, it will change their brains.” With 100 billion nerve cells, each of which is connected to one another in a thousand ways, our brain makes up a large part of who and how we are, “explains Prof. Pfleiderer, President of the World Medical Association.” But nothing is fixed, rather the brain rearranges itself with every experience. “Small deviation. Women’s and men’s brains are different, but you don’t necessarily look at it. If you were to become a brain for experienced neuroscientists or pathologists they could not say with certainty whether it was a female or a male thinking organ. “The brain structures only differ by ten percent between the sexes,” says Prof. Bettina Pfleiderer. “But that’s natural Average values, statistics – every brain is unique. “In reality, the real differences are not found in the structures, but in the networking of neurons and the activity of individual brain areas.


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Women are more emotional

In the largest brain imaging study to date, researchers compared 27,000 brains to find out whether men and women think differently. Result: the women’s brains were overall significantly more active than those of men. Female brains were particularly strong in the area of ​​the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for impulse control, among other things in the limbic system that processes and controls emotions. In men, on the other hand, the centers that were responsible for processing visual stimuli and for coordination were more active of movements are responsible. That could explain why women, on average, behave more emotionally and helpful, according to neuroscientists. However, the more active emotion center also makes women more susceptible to anxiety disorders, depression, sleep and eating disorders.

Not only the way in which the brain is networked or structured is important, the hormones are also pullers. Even in the womb, completely different hormone cocktails flood through the veins of male and female embryos: more estrogen in girls and more testosterone in boys. Men and women are also exposed to different hormone concentrations later in life. That has z. B. Influence on pain perception. Overall, women are a little more sensitive to pain and their pain tends to become chronic. That could be because that the male sex hormone testosterone, of which women have less, dampens the transmission of painful impulses. Only during pregnancy are women less sensitive to pain. They owe this to the hormone progesterone, which shoots up in the last three months of pregnancy. The female sex hormones also have other health effects: They strengthen the immune system. Until menopause, women are less likely to have chronic inflammation, atherosclerosis or infections.

However, the active immune system increases your risk of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatism or multiple sclerosis. Messenger substance for parking. The sex hormones influence the brain in a variety of ways. Studies show e.g. For example, women may have poor spatial awareness than men due to lower testosterone levels.

But that changes depending on the day of the cycle. Incidentally, men with a pathological testosterone deficiency suffer the same fate. They have bigger problems maneuvering their car into a small parking space than their testosterone-brimming peers. “The interesting thing about women is that the hormone concentrations vary greatly over the course of their cycle and their life,” says Prof. Pfleiderer. “That is why they can react differently to the same stimuli depending on their age or cycle day – the hormones fluctuate significantly less in men.”

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