Detecting ovarian inflammation is difficult because its symptoms are usually understood as clues to other diseases. Here you can find out how to recognize the infection and how it can be treated.
Inflammation of the ovaries, also known as pelvic inflammation or adnexitis, is a disease affecting the intimate area of women. Young and sexually active women up to their mid-twenties are most commonly affected. A bacterial infection causes ovarian pain in the abdomen. Inflammation of the ovaries is one of the inflammations in the pelvic area. It should be examined and treated by a gynecologist.
Ovarian inflammation – these symptoms exist
The severity of the symptoms varies greatly. Some women barely even notice the infection. Many of the symptoms are very general and do not clearly suggest ovarian inflammation. Fever, nausea, and vomiting can all be signs that you have adnexitis. Significantly clearer symptoms are pain in the abdomen and smelly vaginal discharge. If you notice this, you should definitely consult a doctor.
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The symptoms usually always occur at the same time, namely in the middle of the cycle around ovulation or after the last menstrual period. This makes it easier for the bacteria to penetrate the cervix and cause inflammation.
Causes of Adnexitis
There are different ways that bacterial infection can occur. For example, the bacteria can come from outside through the vagina. This happens through sexual intercourse. But it can also be through a treatment at the gynecologist. On the other hand, other organs can also transfer bacteria to the ovaries. So the bacterial infection spreads in the body. The third possibility is to administer the pathogen through the blood, for example in the case of genital tuberculosis.
Medical examination and diagnosis
If you have the symptoms described, you should see a gynecologist immediately. Even if the physical symptoms should not indicate an ovarian inflammation, it is still safer to take precautions. At the doctor’s first there is an examination and consultation. To feel the infection, he will press his fingers against your cervix. If you experience pain while doing this, it indicates inflammation. This pain is also known as portio pain.
The doctor will then take a swab of the cervix and vagina for further tests. The smear is then examined in the laboratory for inflammatory cells and bacteria. They may also do an ultrasound scan, which will reveal enlarged ovaries, swollen fallopian tubes, or clusters of pus.
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What helps with ovarian inflammation?
If the doctor has proven that you actually have an inflammation, there are various methods of treating it. In any case, bed rest and not having sex are extremely important. Heat treatments and adequate hydration also support the healing process. Foreign bodies, such as a coil, must also be removed.
Depending on the severity of the infection, an inpatient hospital stay may be necessary. Treatment is mostly done with the help of antibiotics. The actual pathogen is initially unknown to the doctors, which is why an antibiotic that is directed against the most likely pathogen is administered first. The exact pathogen is determined using a swab from the vagina. If the inflammation has not improved after the first antibiotic treatment, a second antibiotic tailored to the pathogen is administered. There may be times when the pain caused by the inflammation is particularly severe. In this case, not only antibiotics are given, but also pain relievers.